February frost monitoring: preparing for gardening

Final February, we confronted a historic freeze for our area. We had an enormous snow occasion that occurred in two waves, however with low temperatures that we’ve not seen right here for over 30 years. Whereas it is typical for us to have an evening or two in a winter that drops to 10 levels, our crops will survive it. After we get to minus 5 to zero levels, a lot of our crops endure at the very least some injury. Within the weeks following this occasion, a lot of our panorama crops appeared lifeless or very near it.

Happily now, many of those crops are exhibiting new progress. The azaleas appeared to have leaves that regarded burnt in late February, however are actually exhibiting flowers and new inexperienced leaves. Azaleas, for probably the most half, appear to be on the mend. Some that have not been so fortunate are gardenias and camellias. Many householders round Garland County report naked, brown stems on these crops.

In case you are nonetheless fearful about a few of your crops, do a easy “scratch” take a look at. Utilizing your fingernail or a pocket knife, scrape off a small piece of the outer layer of a stem. When you see all brown, this rod failed. When you see inexperienced, that stalk continues to be alive. It’s attainable to see some limbs or stems which can be lifeless and others which can be nonetheless alive on the identical plant. Lifeless limbs will be pruned at any time of the yr. Remember to cut back limb or trunk attachment, also called a department collar. Many crops have inexperienced progress on the backside and lifeless stems above. That is the results of the snow blanket offering insulation towards the biting chilly. You’ll be able to in the reduction of the place inexperienced progress has emerged. When completed, you won’t just like the look. You’ll be able to resolve if you wish to be affected person with the plant and let it develop again or take away it and replant it with one thing else.

April is an odd climate month. We are able to have days with temperatures within the 70s and 80s after which shortly after lows within the 30s. Our heat season crops will take these scorching, sunny days like a bullet within the arm. You’ll be able to nearly see the brand new progress going down because the flowers open. For a few of these crops, the chilly snap will maintain them again a bit. For a few of our extra tender crops, we could have to cowl them on nights falling into the 30’s. Be sure that the crops are uncovered as quickly because the temperatures begin to rise to keep away from extra stress on the crops. Here is some extra information as we transfer into hotter climate:

• There may be nonetheless time to prune our summer season bloomers, comparable to sunfish. They begin to put leaves, however they bloom on new progress. On crapemyrtles, keep away from garnishing them when pruning. As an alternative, do selective pruning by eradicating any limbs or trunks that should be faraway from their tether.

• Look ahead to air and soil temperatures to heat up earlier than transplanting warm-season greens. Among the hottest are tomatoes, peppers, and squash. If nighttime temperatures are going to dip into the 40s, remember to cowl them as much as retain some heat.

• When you plan to maneuver some houseplants exterior for the spring and summer season, wait till after Could 1st. Even so, look ahead to nighttime temperatures within the 40s and be ready to place them again inside to guard your self from the chilly. If a plant is tied to a pot, transferring it to a bigger pot could be a very good job to perform whenever you take it out.

• Verbena, petunias, and begonias are warm-season annuals that may tolerate cooler nights. It might be good to plant them proper now. Wait a number of extra weeks earlier than planting lantanas, periwinkles, and summer season impatiens.

The climate is warming up and we’re all excited to get out and work in our panorama. For extra data contact the Garland County Extension Workplace at 623-6841, e mail Alex at [email protected], or go to our web site at http://www.uada.edu. The Garland County Extension Workplace is situated at 236 Woodbine in Scorching Springs and workplace hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Details about the grasp gardener

Grasp Gardeners Conferences are held on the third Thursday of every month on-line. Conferences are open to the general public and company are welcome. For extra data name the extension workplace at 623-6841 or e mail Alex Dykes at [email protected]

EHC Data

Are you interested by becoming a member of an current extension membership? EHC is the biggest volunteer group within the state. For extra data on EHC, name 623-6841 or e mail Alison Crane at [email protected] Comply with Alison on Fb @garlandEGF and @Garland FCS, and EHC on Fb @GarlandCountyEHC.

4-H Data

For extra data on Garland County 4-H Membership membership or program advantages, contact Carol Ann McAfee on the extension workplace, name 501-623-6841, or e mail [email protected] Extra data is offered at http://www.uaex.edu/garland.

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